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Knee Cartilage Restoration

What is Knee Cartilage Restoration?

Knee cartilage restoration is a surgical technique to repair damaged articular cartilage in the knee joint by stimulating new growth of cartilage or by transplanting cartilage into areas with defects in order to relieve pain and restore normal function to the knee.

Articular cartilage damage can occur from normal wear and tear of the knee joints, increasing age, injury, or other disease conditions. When cartilage is damaged, it can cause severe pain, inflammation, stiffness, and decreased range of motion of the knee. Because of its avascular nature (absence of blood supply), cartilage cannot repair itself and therefore surgical treatment is usually required to restore cartilage function and prevent progression of the damage into arthritis.

Anatomy of  Articular Cartilage

Articular cartilage is the smooth, shiny, white tissue covering the ends of bones that form a joint. Articular cartilage reduces friction when bones glide over each other, making the movements smooth and painless. It also acts as a shock-absorber to help prevent traumatic injuries to the bones.

Indications for Knee Cartilage Restoration

Knee cartilage restoration is indicated for patients with knee cartilage deterioration or damage as a result of:

Preparation for Knee Cartilage Restoration

Preoperative preparation for knee cartilage restoration will involve the following steps:

Surgical Procedures for Knee Cartilage Restoration

Most cartilage restoration procedures can be performed arthroscopically, a minimally invasive surgery that involves making 3 small keyhole incisions around the knee joint using an arthroscope, a small flexible tube with a light and video camera at the end that enables your surgeon to view inside of the joints and perform surgery. In certain cases, open surgery may be required to access the affected area requiring longer incisions. Your surgeon will discuss the best surgical options for you based on your condition.

Usually, recovery from an arthroscopic procedure is much faster with minimal pain than a traditional, open surgery.

Some of the most common procedures for knee cartilage restoration include:

Postoperative Care Instructions and Recovery

In general, postoperative care and recovery after knee cartilage restoration involve the following:

Risks and Complications of Knee Cartilage Restoration

Knee cartilage restoration is a relatively safe procedure; however, as with any surgery, there are risks and complications that could occur, such as:

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