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Partial Medial Knee Replacement

What is Partial Medial Knee Replacement?

Partial medial knee replacement is a surgery to replace only the medial part of your damaged knee. It is also called unicompartmental knee replacement. 
The knee is one of the largest and complex joints in your body. The joint is connected to your thigh bones and bones of the lower leg by various ligaments.
The knee joint is made of three compartments, the lateral, medial and patellofemoral compartments. The inside part of your knee is the medial compartment of the knee. It consists of a medial collateral ligament (MCL). 

Indications for Partial Medial Knee Replacement

Aging and joint conditions such as osteoarthritis cause breakdown of the cartilage of your inner knee leading to pain and inflammation which may not respond to pain medications or non-surgical treatment and may need surgery. Damage to the medial side of your knee may also cause knee stiffness requiring surgery. 

Diagnosis

Your doctor physically examines your knee by performing specific movements. The exact location and severity of the pain are essential to identify the type and extent of damage occurred. Your doctor will take your medical history and may order an X-ray, CT-scan or MRI to finalize the diagnosis. 

Preparation for the Surgery

Talk to your doctor about the medicines you are taking and those you should stop taking prior to the procedure. Inform your doctor if you are allergic to any medicines or anesthesia. 

Partial Medial Knee Replacement Procedure

After the Surgery

You may have to stay at the hospital for about 3 days. Your doctor prescribes pain medications to keep you comfortable.

Post-Surgery Rehabilitation

Your physiotherapist instructs you on how to use your walker or crutches and may begin with light weight-bearing exercises. Specific physical exercises will help you recover fast. You must regularly follow-up with your surgeon and may return to sports after a few months with your surgeon’s approval. 

Complications of the Surgery

Complications are rare. Some of the possible complications may include:

Advantages of the Surgery

The advantages of partial medial knee replacement surgery include:

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