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Distal Femoral Osteotomy

What is Distal Femoral Osteotomy?

An osteotomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting of bone. The distal femur is part of the femur (thighbone) just above the knee joint. Distal femoral osteotomy is performed to correct knee alignment which can lead to excessive loading and degeneration of one side of the knee joint. The procedure involves cutting of the distal femur, repositioning the bones and securing them in the proper alignment.

Indications for Distal Femur Osteotomy

Malalignment of the bones at the knee joint may be present at birth or may occur due to trauma or arthritis. Two types of deformity usually occur: 

A distal femoral osteotomy is recommended if you have a genu valgus deformity causing degeneration in the outer (lateral) part of the knee.

During a distal femoral osteotomy, the femur is lined up surgically so that the femoral axis passes through the center of the knee and pressure on the damaged side of the knee joint is relieved.

Who is Eligible for Distal Femoral Osteotomy?

You may be a candidate for distal femoral osteotomy if you are:

Techniques of Distal Femoral Osteotomy 

There are two main techniques to perform a distal femoral osteotomy:

Lateral opening wedge osteotomy is considered easier and more accurate.

Procedure for Distal Femoral Osteotomy

Distal femoral osteotomy is usually performed under general anesthesia. The following technique is used:

Recovery from Osteotomy Surgery

After the operation, healing may take between 2 to 6 months before you can resume normal activities.

Benefits of Distal Femoral Osteotomy 

Distal femoral osteotomy can:

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